Civilian Participation in Violence and Politics: Ideology, Networks, and Action in Peru and India

How and why do ordinary people in democratic states participate in violent revolution? I explore variation in the confluence of civilians' participation in status quo politics - through both electoral channels and civil society action - and in violent insurgencies that seek to conquer the state. During war, civilians are agents and articulators of political mobilization, and rebels coopt and exploit social and political networks, which draw on historical forms of organization and activism as well as a long trajectory of political ideas about race, citizenship, and class.

Through a comparative study of Peru's Shining Path and the Naxalite movement in India, I argue that an insurgency's particular ideological interpretations and conceptions of membership shape civilian support by influencing everyday social relations between rebels and civilians. Rebels' ideas, implemented through indoctrination and strategic action, change networks of participation and civilians' opportunities to engage in politics.

Working Papers and Ongoing Research

The Telangana Peasant Rebellion (1946-1951) and Maoist insurgency: how local mobilization and ideological interpretation shaped the movement

Constructing memory and citizenship from mass graves in Latin America: a comparative study of "forensic politics"

Civilian protection and aid delivery during war: the politics of early warning of mass atrocities in Sri Lanka, 2000-2009

How communities and companies address local mining conflicts: the role of the United Nations Voluntary Principles on Business and Human Rights in Peru (with Deborah Avant)

Recent Analysis

"Power Politics Meets Personal Persuasion: The Role of the Next UN Secretary General," Political Violence at a Glance, 20 September 2016.

"Legacy of Violence and Peru's Politics: Activism Against Authoritarianism," Political Violence at a Glance, 12 July 2016.

"Combating Corruption and Violence: A Struggle for Accountability on Two Fronts," Political Violence at a Glance, 20 October 2015. 

"Unsilencing Pakistan: A Symposium on Nonviolent Activism Against Violence," Political Violence at a Glance, 16 June 2015.

"Nonviolent Mobilization Against State Impunity Through Forensic Anthropology", Political Violence at a Glance, 17 March 2015.

"Kejriwal's AAP Looks for Second Chance in Delhi Vote," Suffragio, 6 February 2015.